Several researches for the past couple of decades have shown that the ice in the Arctic sea is melting at a threatening rate. A new research now claims that if the meltdown continues at the current rates, the glaciers would disappear by 2040 – thirty years earlier than previous predictions.
The new claims have been put forward by a team of 90 scientists at the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme. During study, they found out that the region had been warming with the speed twice of which the others suffered.
According to the study, the possibility of the reformation of ice is minuscule despite the fact that meltdown is a reversible process in adequate conditions. It is only the efforts now which can help reduce the further deterioration of the ice in the region. Only the attempts to reduce the green house gases now can help cause reduction in the green house gases which eventually will facilitate retainment of the ice glaciers not only in the Arctic region but everywhere in the world.
Also according to NASA’s study, between 1976 and 1996, the average ice loss in the region was 8,300 square miles per year, whereas in the next two decades i.e. from 1996 to 2013 the results have shown that the loss of ice was 19,500 square miles. This results imply that with passage of time, the meltdown has only increase with a 100 percent growth rate.
The loss of ice has many implications the main being the threat to coastal cities of rising sea level. Other conditions like droughts, floods are also generated as the ice loss affect heat wave cycle. It also affects the wind and currents in the ocean eventually causing inappropriate monsoon, which ultimately affect food production.
Scientists have asked global policy makers and environmental agencies to take immediate action to mitigate the threatening effects of this irreversible meltdown.