With all major organs’ transplant being possible in today’s scenario with the advancement in medical science, womb transplant is the next big revolutionary thing that Indian medical community will observe conducted by a team of doctors in Pune on May 18.
With licensed status to perform uterus transplant operation, Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute (GCLI) in Pune will be the first hospital in India to perform the transplant on 3 women with different complications. The license has been issued to GCLI for a period of 5 years by the Directorate of Health Services, Maharashtra. These operations will take place in May and June. However, GCLI has not yet gained permit from the Indian Medical Council Research (ICMR) which is must to carry out any experimental study or operation on human body, whereas Bengaluru’s Milann Fertility Centre has received an official permit from the ICMR to conduct uterus transplants and will conduct operation on two women without uterus in the month of June.
The first successful operation of uterus transplant was done in Sweden in the year 2013 where a brain dead’s uterus was used for transplantation. Before that, Saudi Arabia first attempted it in the year 2002 but failed to uphold the pregnancy followed by another failed attempt in Turkey, where pregnancy could last not more than 8 weeks. There have been 25 womb transplants worldwide till date. Sweden has aced in womb transplants by conducting 11 transplants out of which 7 proved successful.
According to the ICMR official, it is a necessity to get license from it, since the rules say that before conducting such an experiment, it is must to get permit from the apex research body. However, while state authority has already given the license to GCLI to carry out the transplant, ICMR cannot interfere now.
Talking about the procedure of uterus transplant, uterus has to be transplanted only from a live donor, which does have a high probability of rejection. The operation takes approximately 10 hours. Post operation, patient is kept under observation for a period of around 6 months, only then pregnancy is tried to be achieved by the embryo fertilization through the IVF technique.